Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum marks 15th anniversary as UNESCO World Heritage site
2018-07-12 11:14:00

The Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum (Photo provided to JiangsuNow)

July 3 this year marks the 15th anniversary of the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum inscribed as part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites "Imperial Tombs of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties" in 2003.

As the only UNESCO World Heritage site in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, Xiaoling, the mausoleum of Emperor Taizu Zhu Yuanzhang (1328-1398) of the Ming Dynasty and his queen, is located at Dulongfu on the south slope of the Purple Mountain in Xuanwu District. Occupying an area of 1.7 million square meters, it is one of the largest imperial mausoleums in China.

Inside the Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Area, it borders the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in the east and the Meihua Mountain (Plum Flower Mountain) in the south. The construction of the mausoleum began in 1381 and ended in 1405, so it has a history of over 600 years.

While following the old tomb-building philosophy for emperors in the Tang (618-907) and Song (960-1279) dynasties - building a tomb down the hillside, the mausoleum also changed the tomb layout from square-shaped to round mound. This represented a new thinking of harmony between humanity and nature and aimed to reach the best unity between heaven and man. It has become a classic to show the combination of traditional Chinese architecture art and environmental aesthetics.

From June to July, the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Administration, in cooperation with the Nanjing Municipal Bureau of Culture, Radio, TV, Film, Press and Publication and the Nanjing Municipal Tourism Commission, will organize a series of cultural activities to help tourists and local residents better understand the UNESCO World Heritage, appreciate the profound culture of Nanjing, and also promote tourism.

Source: jschina.com.cn Editor: Dylan